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The Publicity Department of the CPC Tianjin Municipal Committee and the Party School of Tianjin Municipal Committee of CPC provided authoritative results and historical records about the CPC's development in North China's municipality of Tianjin; the CPC's efforts to inspire local residents' awareness to rescue the country, fight against Japanese invaders and liberate the city; and also its campaigns to boost local economy and culture after the founding of the new China. Yang Cheng reports.
New Democratic Revolution Period (1919-1949)
1. Li Dazhao (1889 -1927) and the Beiyang Law and Politics Institute
Li was China's forerunner, co-founder of the CPC and the first person to advocate for Marxism in the country. He studied at the Beiyang Law and Politics Institute in Tianjin in 1907 and supported a series of movements and activities to boost Communism in the city. He once said the institute played a pivotal role in North China's political movements in the 1920s.
2. Zhou Enlai (1898-1976) and Deng Yingchao (1904-1992) and the Awakening Society
Former Chinese premier and CPC leader Zhou Enlai and his wife Deng Yingchao, a leading revolutionist, studied in Tianjin when they were young and joined in the great May 4th Movement in 1919, the beginning of China's Democratic Revolution.
On Sept 16, 1919, together with some 50 youth members, they set up the Awakening Society to spread Marxism.
3. The first CPC member in Tianjin and the Tianjin Socialist Youth League
Zhang Tailei (1898-1927), a pioneering Communist and leader in Tianjin's patriotism movement, joined the CPC at Tianjin University, becoming the first CPC member in the city.
He actively joined the May 4th Movement and built strong ties with Li Dazhao (1889-1927), China's forerunner in spreading Marxism and Communism, and Chen Duxiu (1879-1942), one of the founders of the CPC.
He started the Tianjin Socialist Youth League, an organization to boost interest among local youths in patriotism and learning from Marxism and Communism.
4. The executive committee of the Tianjin CPC
Since the founding of the CPC in 1921 in Shanghai, the Tianjin executive committee was set up to boost Marxism and began spreading Marxism, boosting the movements among the youth, women and industrial workers.
Yu Fangzhou (1900-1927) founder of the Tianjin Socialist Youth League, a Tianjin native and leading student movement leader, was tapped as the Party chief for the committee. He led the workers' movements but was killed by an enemy after a rebellion in Yutian, Hebei province.
5. The CPC North China Bureau and the North China Anti-Japanese National United Front
In 1936, Liu Shaoqi (1898-1969), a political leader and a pioneer in CPC history, set up the CPC North China Bureau in Tianjin in 1936, promoting the formation of the North China Anti-Japanese National United Front.
In January 1937, the CPC mobilized local Kuomintang military leader Song Zheyuan (1885-1940) to jointly fight against the Japanese invaders, marking the inauguration of the North China Anti-Japanese National United Front.
6. The Anti-Japanese Base Area in Panshan Mountain
Since the full-scale outbreak of Anti-Japanese Aggression in 1937, the city was occupied by the enemy on July 30.
The CPC members beefed up their efforts to unite advanced classes in the society to join the fight and set up Panshan Mountain, a mountain bordering Beijing and Tianjin.
It became the headquarters of the whole city's fight against the Japanese invaders and played a pivotal role in the victory in the region.
7. Tianjin Liberation
Due to the failure in negotiations with Kuomintang, the People's Liberation Army liberated the city in January 1949.
The victory of the Tianjin Battle ended the history for the commercial city's nearly 50-year half-colonial and half-feudal era, and opened a new chapter for the city.
Socialist Revolution and Construction Period
1. "Tianjin Talk"
The then Party secretary of the CPC Central Committee Liu Shaoqi came to Tianjin in April to May 1949.
He did in-depth research into the local private economy, made a famous speech in Tianjin – later recorded in the history as "Tianjin Talk" -- to explain the Party's blueprint for the country and boost local reforms for the private economy there.
From 1951 to 1953, the local economy saw major recovery.
2. Revitalizing local economy
In June 1953, the country entered its first Five-year Plan period (1953-1957). The city played an important role in the country's industrial development.
The city's economy transformed from light industry as its pillar into full-swing development in the sectors of steel, metallurgy, machinery manufacturing, chemistry, textile, paper printing, rubber and food.
During the period, the city took pride in how the country's first domestically made bicycle, trolleybus, jeep and watch were all produced there.
Local cultural facilities were renovated including the Workers' New Village and the Water Park, the largest park in the city, while a series of swimming pools and schools were also set up during the period.
3. Haihe River renovation project
In 1963, a huge flood hit Tianjin. Under the instructions of CPC Chairman Mao Zedong, a campaign was launched during the year to improve the Haihe River, Tianjin's main waterway.
The river had its facilities upgraded and received a major facelift, benefiting local livelihoods for the rest of the century.
4. Earthquake rescue
In 1976, a major earthquake happened in nearby Tangshan, Hebei province, which also affected Tianjin with severe casualties.
Led by the local CPC municipal committee, the city set up 230,000 temporary houses and focused its utmost efforts on providing relief to disaster-stricken people and helping the local economy recover.
The Reform and Opening-up and the Socialist Modern Construction periods
1. "The development area has enormous hopes."
In 1984, Tianjin was selected by the central government for the first batch of cities for opening-up.
The Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area was set up in 1984 and became internationally influential within three years.
Then CPC leader and chief architect of China's reform and opening-up Deng Xiaoping (1904 -1997) visited TEDA in 1986 and inscribed the words "The development area has enormous hopes" to inspire its economic takeoff.
His instruction, inspection and inscription in Tianjin gave guidelines for the reforms and opening-up and the fledging development areas throughout the whole country.
2. Water diversion project from Luanhe River to Tianjin
Since the 1960s, Tianjin had been suffering from water scarcity, experiencing drought in the 1980s.
From 1982-1983, a massive campaign was launched to divert water to Tianjin from Luanhe River, located 200 kilometers away in nearby Hebei province.
The move put an end to Tianjin residents drinking saltwater from the Haihe River, accelerated industrial development, effectively controlled the subsidence in the ground, and also boosted rainwater drainage, inland river shipping and environmental protection.
3. Network of three ring roads and 14 new roads
In the early 1980s, the city began constructing three ring roads and 14 new major roads connecting them.
Within just three years, the road network was completed, boosting the local transportation network and aiding local economic recovery.
4. The renovation of shanty towns
From the early 1990s to the early period of the 21st century, the local CPC municipal committee and local government launched a campaign to renovate shanty towns for the whole city.
Statistics indicated that a total of 1.63 million local people benefitted from the renovation project.
The renovation project bolstered the local GDP by 2.8 percentage points.
5. The development of Binhai New Area
In 1994, the coastal Binhai New Area was included in the national development strategy.
Its economic growth has become an engine for the whole city and has played a pivotal role in the regional development.
In March 2008, the State Council designated the area as the second reform development area after the Pudong New Area in Shanghai.
The municipal Party committee seized historical opportunities to spur its growth, and overcame a number of difficulties including the global financial crisis to hit the targets for the city's 11th Five-year Plan period (2006-10).
The Socialist New Era with Chinese Characteristics
1. Xi's visits to Tianjin
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, has visited Tianjin four times and stressed three development focuses for the municipality: pursuing quality and efficiency of growth, ensuring and improving people's livelihoods and improving the Party's leadership. The strategies of coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region and the building of the Xiong'an New Area reflect Xi's high attention to Tianjin, care for its people and great expectations of its development.
The Tianjin municipal government has acted on the country's new development philosophy and actively implemented national strategies, and will rise to challenges as it progresses further.
2. Xi, Putin watch friendly Sino-Russian youth ice hockey game
President Xi Jinping and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin watched a friendly ice hockey match between Chinese and Russian youths at the Tianjin Indoor Stadium on June 8, 2018.
The two heads of state applauded the competitive performance by the young players of the two countries. Xi told Putin that the youth competition between China and Russia was inspiring, and it was a demonstration of the friendship between the youth of the two countries. China is willing to work with Russia to promote exchanges and cooperation between the two countries in ice hockey and other sports.
The youth of the two countries should strengthen exchanges so that the good-neighborly friendship between the two countries can be passed on from generation to generation. Putin said that the young people performed very well, and there was great hope for China's ice hockey. It is hoped that ice hockey can become a new bond of friendship between Russia and China.
3. Promoting coordinated development among Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei province
In 2014, the coordinated development among Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei province became a national strategy.
Tianjin has played a pivotal role in regional development, relieving Beijing's industrial burdens and supporting the development of Xiong'an New Area, an emerging area in Hebei.
4.13th National Games of China held in Tianjin
The 13th National Games of China were held in Tianjin in August 2017. Tianjin is the fourth host of the National Games after Jiangsu, Shandong and Liaoning provinces. Xi attended the opening ceremony and announced the opening of the sports gala on August 27, 2017.
Tianjin made every effort to promote the extensive and in-depth development of national fitness. It focused on building sports facilities to serve the general public and actively planned fashion activities with Tianjin characteristics that benefit the people.
5. World Intelligence Congress
Tianjin's annual World Intelligence Congress (WIC) has served as a key venue where enterprises and attendees could feel the pulse of the times, inspire each other and explore the potential to change lives.
Launched in 2017, the WIC is a multi-level platform that promotes academic exchanges, communication and cooperation and the release and application of cutting-edge intelligent technologies.
This year's event is scheduled for May 20-23. The city will promote the release of intelligent technologies and their applications in device manufacturing, consumer goods and new materials. It is expected to accelerate enterprises' digital and intelligent transformation.
6. Tianjin Port
On January 17, 2019, Xi visited Tianjin Port and said it should "become a world-class smart and green port".
In 1952 Tianjin Port resumed its business, but it only handled 740,000 twenty-foot equivalent units of cargo then. In 2001, the port became the first one in North China with a handling capacity beyond 100 million TEUs. To date, it has connections to over 800 ports in some 180 countries and regions and has driven synergistic growth to create a world-leading port cluster in the area.
7. Volunteer service
Tianjin has been a pioneer in providing volunteer services in China in grassroots communities.
Led by the local CPC committee, the country's first community volunteer association was set up in Chaoyangli Community in the city in March 1989.
During the past 30 years or so, the city has mobilized numerous local residents to provide volunteer services for the needy and the elderly at a community level.
In Jan 17, 2019, Xi paid a visit to the community and highly lauded its efforts.
He stressed that Party committees at different levels should provide more platforms to inspire volunteer services and play a key role in social management.
8. Fight against the COVID-19 pandemic
Under the leadership of Xi, Tianjin took the lead in winning the battle to fight against the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020.
Its emergent prevention efforts at the Costa Serena cruise liner won global applause around the world.
The massive nucleic acid testing of 3 million people in Binhai New Area within three days after an outbreak in November reflected the CPC's responsibility to safeguard public health.
The economic recovery amid the COVID-19 pandemic was solid, as the city's 2020 GDP edged up 1.5 percent year-on-year and 371,000 people found new jobs amid the pandemic.
9. Sharing economy
The 2019 China Economic Sharing Development Index in the "Blue Book on High-quality Development 2020" compiled by the National Academy of Governance shows that Tianjin ranks first in terms of public sharing during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-20).
10. Luban Workshop
Initiated by Tianjin, the Luban Workshop aims to benefit countries and areas involved in the Belt and Road Initiative. In March 2016, Tianjin Bohai Vocational Technology College established the first overseas Luban Workshop at the Ayutthaya Technical Institute in Thailand.
Since March 2016, Tianjin has established 18 Luban Workshops worldwide, which have played an important role in sharing equipment and technologies and promoting international communication.
11. "871" ecological project
Tianjin vigorously implements the "871" ecological project ("875 square kilometers of wetland upgrade protection", "736 square kilometers of green ecological barrier construction", and "153 kilometers of coastline strict protection"). It adheres to the guidance of "ecology first" and green development.
Tianjin unswervingly implements new development concepts, promotes high-quality development, continues to deepen supply-side reforms, and makes new achievements in building a moderately prosperous society, coordinating development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and improving its business environment.
12. Haihe Talent project
On May 16, 2018, at the 2nd World Intelligence Congress held in Tianjin, the city officially announced the Haihe Talent project to attract talents.
As of November 2020, Tianjin has introduced a total of 336,000 talents, with an average age of 32 years. Over 70 percent of them have a bachelor degree or above, and 25 percent are talents in strategic emerging industries.
In 2021, Tianjin will implement the "Project + Team" talent introduction model to promote the joint development of investment and talents. The first 306 "Project + Teams" participants have been selected. In addition, the first Haihe Talents Entrepreneurship Competition attracted 2,200 entries and promoted the incubation of 70 high-quality projects.